“Compost, crumbly mass of rotted organic matter made from decomposed plant material, used in gardening and agriculture.” – Britannica
Making a compost at home for your backyard is always a good idea. First of all, it will reduce the amount of garbage you send to the landfills by recycling kitchen and yard waste. Secondly, compost adds nutrient-rich humus to your garden and makes a rich fertilizer for your flowers and vegetables. It means bigger plants and prettier and healthier garden. It’s good for the environment as a natural alternative to chemical fertilizers. It’s also an effective way of minimizing your gardening cost.
There are two types of composting: Hot Composting and Cold Composting.
Hot Composting is a faster way of making a rich organic compost (around 30 – 90 days). However, it requires more attention, as it requires optimum ratio of Carbon and Nitrogen. Aside from a faster compost system, Hot Composting has some benefits over Cold Composting. (1) The system works all year round. (2) It will have less issues. (3) It kills weed seeds faster. (4) It kills unwelcome bacteria. (5) It has lesser bad odour.
Cold Composting requires lesser effort. But it takes about a year or two to produce an organic compost for your garden. With Cold Composting, you simply gather your waste in a pile and then wait. Although it takes longer time, it produces much exactly the same result overtime and effective natural fertilizer for your garden.